What We Do
UN in Serbia
Serbia's Membership in the UN
The Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia was an original Member of the United Nations, the Charter having been signed on its behalf on 26 June 1945 and ratified 19 October 1945, until its dissolution following the establishment and subsequent admission as new members of Bosnia and Herzegovina, the Republic of Croatia, the Republic of Slovenia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia and the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. The Federal Republic of Yugoslavia was admitted as a Member of the United Nations by General Assembly resolution A/RES/55/12 of 01 November 2000.
On 04 February 2003, following the adoption and promulgation of the Constitutional Charter of Serbia and Montenegro by the Assembly of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, the official name of "Federal Republic of Yugoslavia" was changed to Serbia and Montenegro.
In a letter dated 03 June 2006, the President of the Republic of Serbia informed the Secretary-General that the membership of Serbia and Montenegro was being continued by the Republic of Serbia, following Montenegro's declaration of independence.
In Serbia, as in many other countries, the UNDP Resident Representative also serves as the Resident Coordinator.
The resident coordinator system (RCS) encompasses all organizations of the UN system In Serbia. The Resident Coordinator is the designated representative of the Secretary-General and leader of the UN Country Team.
The United Nations Resident Coordinator Office provides direct support to the UN Resident Coordinator and the UN Country Team, including advisory, technical, organizational and management support.
The RCS seeks to better coordinate the operational activities for development of the UNS and their integration with national plans and priorities. The aim of this coordination function is to ensure that the UNS operational activities contribute effectively to national development, providing a flexible response to the host country's needs, aiming at maximizing the overall impact of UNS support. These activities are carried out for the benefit of the host country, at its request, and in accordance with its own policies and priorities for development.
Moreover, Resident Coordinators, in full consultation with the national governments and recognizing their primary responsibility for the implementation and evaluation of conference follow-up, assist the national governments in carrying out this responsibility by facilitating a coherent and coordinated UNS follow-up to major international conferences at the field-level. The RCS is expected to support the government's responsibility for coordination by building national capacity as required. The RCS through the RC may be asked to provide support in carrying out some of these responsibilities and to maintain formal or informal contact with the donor community.
Annual Reports of the UN Resident Coordinator for Serbia outline the coordinated work of the UN country team during the year.
UN System in Serbia
The UN System in Serbia comprises of 15 resident agencies (UNDP, UNICEF, UNHCR, UNFPA, FAO, ICTY, IOM, UNOB, WHO, UNODC, UNHCHR, UNOPS, UNIFEM, UN-HABITAT) with physical in-country presence. In addition, three Bretton Wood Institutions (WB, IFC and IMF) are also present in the UN Country Team in Serbia.
A Joint Programme is a set of activities contained in a common work plan with a related budget implemented and funded by two or more UN Agencies in support of a common result.
Joint programming not only makes it easier to work with the agencies of the United Nations, but it also decreases transaction costs, avoids duplication, and increases the impact of development projects and of development support in general. Joint projects also help the UN system to support the achievement of national development goals more coherently, effectively and efficiently.
The United Nations reforms initiated by Secretary General Kofi Annan have led to a wide-reaching overhaul of UN systems. One of the commitments under these reforms is to enhance the overall effectiveness of UN agencies by increasing joint programming and pooling their resources.
In practice this means that at least two UN agencies work together with one or more national partners to deliver one project. A single project document with a common workplan and budget clarifies the roles and responsibilities of all partners in the joint project.
Overall, the most important consideration in joint programming is the value that will be added in employing such an approach to development programming.